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The University of Wyoming uses Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis to characterize nanoparticles in natural environments.
NanoSight reports on how Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis, NTA, is being used at the University of Wyoming in the characterization of the physical and interfacial properties of manufactured nano materials.
Dr Jonathan Brant is leader of the group, "Interfaces in the Environment: membranes, particles and nanotechnology" in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Wyoming. The group focuses on problems associated with physicochemical processes in engineered and natural environmental systems. Understanding and ultimately controlling the many complex mechanisms that occur at environmental interfaces may resolve many of these problems. As is the case for environmental engineering as a whole, their work falls at the junction of many different disciplines, including colloid and interface science, chemical engineering, nanotechnology, microbiology and materials science.
Nanomaterials need to be characterized in terms of their size and distribution. Dr Brant explains the background to his work: "We have two primary research tracts. First, we characterize the properties of manufactured nano materials including TiO2, nano-Ag, C60 and maghemite of varying functionalities in aqueous systems. Secondly, we characterize the transformation of manufactured nano materials and their removal in conventional and advanced water treatment processes. In both instances, we have chosen NTA to characterize the size and size distribution of the particle suspensions under varying conditions. The latter area does this as well as quantifying the particle number concentrations in an effort to better understand the "dose" or concentrations of nano materials in drinking water."
Describing his practical choices for NTA, Dr Brant continues: "I also use a dynamic light scattering (DLS) system from Malvern as well as TEM imaging (particle counting from images as well as geometry assessments from images). However, using NTA allows us to work with polydisperse suspensions (DLS is very limited in this respect) and it provides us with a number count for nano materials, which is a first step in better characterizing nanoparticle concentrations. While the NTA may not be perfect here, it is our best option."
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